Bloody stool’s message can be the most important symptoms of some diseases and of course; bloody stool can be a sign of a serious illness, such as cancer. Due to the fact that the anus (breech area) is a sensitive region, diagnosis in these area diseases is often delayed. Patients often hide their complaints, even they don’t share when they saw bloody stool, because of being embarrassed. This region bleedings may be about the region itself, or may belong to another systemic disorder.
What is breech bleeding? : The red colored bleeding from the breech area, with or without stool, is called breech bleeding.
Does blood stool always occur during defecation? : Often due to enforcing, defecation and the effect of increased pressure on that area, bleeding is seen either with or after the stool. Without defecation, spontaneous bleeding, may be a sign of a more serious illness, such as cancer.
Where does the breech bleeding come from? : The last 12-15 cm of the large intestine forms the last part, that we called it as rectum, and the 1-2 cm part of that intestine forms the anus. More than 90% of the bleed, come from this region.
What are the causes of bloody stool? :
- Large bowel cancer,
- Large bowel polyps,
- Inflammatory bowel diseases (colitis),
- Hemorrhoids (piles),
- Anal fissure,
- Wounds around the anus,
- Intestinal parasites and infections.
In which situations do we have to take it seriously about bloody stool? : We need to take every breech bleeding seriously. Especially after 40 years of age in men or women, if the bleeding starts when there was no complaint before, they need to take it seriously. It is important that the severity, quantity, the color, painful or painless of the bleeding.
What should I do? : Any bleeding from the anus region should be evaluated by a general surgeon. Especially those who have colon cancer in their family, they need to have ‘hidden bloody stool’ test, before 40 years old. Colonoscopy should be done at certain intervals, even if they have no complaints, after 40 years of age.
Colon cancer is now, for early diagnosed all over the world, colonoscopy tests are performed on women and men over 50 years old, regardless of whether they have complaints. Because, when colon cancer is diagnosed early, treatment is a possible disease.
If you see bloody stool too, you should take it seriously and you should visit a general surgeon.